What are the three types of cellulose installations?
Spray Applied: Also referred to as "damp spray" or "wet" cellulose. In this method of installation water is added at the tip of the hose in a very fine mist at high pressures. The cellulose is sprayed onto the exterior sheathing and builds up in the stud bay. We are filling the entire bay from back to front and from the bottom to the top of the stud bay with damp cellulose installed past it's settled density. This method can only be used in new construction on exterior or interior flat walls.
The cellulose is sprayed slightly past the studs and then shaved off with a scrubber to be in line with the studs. All the cellulose that has been wetted is vaccuumed back to the truck and mixed with the dry cellulose. This method is generally quicker in new construction and therefore cheaper. It requires a clean work site as the spray hose is smaller than the vacuume hose so we can suck up something that will clog the spray hose on the way back out. It is a bit more "idiot proof" method of installation because it is clear that the insulation is completey filling the stud bay and has no chance to settle.
Dense pack: Also referred to as "dry" or "blown in" cellulose. We use a specifically engineered fabric called Insulweb that allows the air to escape as the cellulose gets denser and denser within the stud bay. The cellulose is installed well past it's settled density and the entire bay is filled. The insulweb fabric is stapled up on all walls with pneumatic staplers and after installation we roll each bay with roller to ensure that there is no bulging that could interfere with the sheetrock.
This method is generally a bit dustier than damp spray but there is overall less cleanup time as less of the material ends up on the floor. There is however more prep time involved in stapling up the fabric so this method generally takes longer and is therefore a bit more expensive. It can be immediately sheetrocked. To ensure that the cellulose is installed properly we check each bay individually and occasionally we have to go back into a spot with a smaller hose and "tighten it up". Since you can see through the Insulweb fabric you can ensure that the insulation will not settle.
In a cathedral slope the cellulose is packed densly into the bay either after sheetrock or with Insulweb fabric and strapping to prevent bulging. Dense pack does not require either ventilation or a vapor barrier.
Loose fill: Dry celluose added over a flat attic. The cellulose settles a few inches in the first few days. This is the most cost effective method of installation. We recommend a settled depth of 16" or R60. This is where the payoff curve flattens out for insulation. It requires venting and a vapor barrier.
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